University of Twente Student Theses


Determinants of User Acceptance of In-Home Monitoring Technologies for Persons with Dementia (PwD)

Köster, Annika (2021) Determinants of User Acceptance of In-Home Monitoring Technologies for Persons with Dementia (PwD).

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Abstract:Background: Dementia is the fastest-growing cause of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. But in contrast to that, the number of professional caregivers and residential care possibilities is not expected to grow as fast. This situation puts a bigger emphasis on informal care for people with dementia. A consequence of that is the burden it places on informal caregivers, who often suffer from mental and physical health consequences, as well as social consequences in their private life, due to their care responsibility. In-home monitoring technology has the potential to improve the care situation by giving the informal caregiver the possibility to monitor the person with dementia (PwD) from a distance, which would decrease the burden on them and would allow the PwD to stay in their home for longer. However, this is dependent on a successful implementation. For this to succeed it is necessary to use a user-centred design approach and to take future users into account during the development process. Therefore, it is important to conduct research on their current acceptance of different monitoring-technologies and different monitoring activities. Additionally, it needs to be researched which factors are associated to user acceptance and therefore could lead to a successful implementation. In this regard this study will focus on the factors from the Technology Acceptance Model (perceived benefits and attitude) and the factors perceived barriers and general perception towards technology in order to see how and if they are associated to user acceptance. Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted online with 66 participants from the general German public. The participants were recruited via non-probability, convenience sampling. A questionnaire was created in order to determine the participant’s acceptance towards different monitoring technologies, namely wearables, visual-based-, audio-based- and radiofrequency-based monitoring technologies. Additionally, the participant’s acceptance towards different monitoring activities was measured. These were: Activity of daily living, Instrumental activity of daily living, Ambulatory Activity, Mental functions and Physiological activity. Furthermore, it was determined if the factors “Perceived benefits”, “Attitude towards monitoring technology” (factors from the Technology Acceptance Model) and “Perceived barriers” and “General perception towards technology” are associated with user acceptance. The program SPSS was used to conduct the analyses. The data was analysed by using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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