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The combination of an explicit and implicit intervention : the effects of an explicit sleeping intervention on university students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Albert, A.N. (2021) The combination of an explicit and implicit intervention : the effects of an explicit sleeping intervention on university students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Abstract:A large number of Dutch citizens are at risk for sleeping problems. Especially university students suffer from poor sleep. Thus, an intervention directed at influencing explicit and implicit sleep behaviour was created. This research aims at improving students' sleep quality by educating them on sleep hygiene and increasing sleep knowledge. Before and after the intervention, the sleep quality and sleep knowledge of the participants were measured. Before the intervention, the impact of the pandemic is investigated with a questionnaire. Additionally, the morning-eveningness questionnaire reveals each respondent's circadian chronotype. Moreover, different activities are presented to the participants to enable change in sleep quality and knowledge: a video, multiple-choice tests and reflective exercises. Overall, sleep knowledge increased after the intervention. However, when analysing whether sleep knowledge influenced the change in sleep quality, no interaction effect was found. Similarly, the pandemic did not influence the change in sleep quality. Exposing the students to an explicit and implicit intervention increased sleep hygiene knowledge. Still, this increase could not explain the improvement in sleep quality. Further studies are needed to establish scientifically sound sleep knowledge measures. Nevertheless, this study showcases the novel approach of combining implicit and explicit measures.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87437
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