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Binge-eating disorder : associations between self-criticism and eating disorder psychopathology

Dammann, G. (2021) Binge-eating disorder : associations between self-criticism and eating disorder psychopathology.

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Abstract:In the last few years, Binge-eating disorder (BED) has been more and more recognized as a standalone eating disorder (ED). Research has mainly concentrated on BED symptomology and investigated which cognitive and behavioral aspects are part of this specific ED. Treatment methods have been developed and show relatively good short- and medium-term effectiveness in reducing dropout rates and increasing abstinence from binge-eating episodes. Nevertheless, still approximately half of the BED patients do not recover with the help of the current treatment methods. One reason for this may be that some factors such as self-criticism, which may maintain BED psychopathology, have not been researched in depth and thus not been included in the current treatment methods. The current study used a sample of N = 125 participants who were officially diagnosed with BED, to investigate the relationship between self-criticism and BED psychopathology. Two forms of self-criticism, the hated self and the inadequate self, were related to cognitive aspects of BED, such as eating and shape concerns, as well as behavioral markers of BED, otherwise known as binge-eating behavior, while controlling for possible confounding variables, such as self-esteem. Results showed that only the hated self seems to positively affect the cognitive aspects of BED. Neither self-esteem nor the inadequate self seemed to influence BED psychopathology. Binge-eating behavior seemed to be affected by none of the forms of self-criticism nor by self-esteem. The findings of the current study show that self-criticism is a potential maintaining factor for BED and that, especially the hated self, might play a more important role in BED psychopathology than variables such as self-esteem. These findings help to further understand BED psychopathology and are a first step towards developing and customizing treatment possibilities for patients suffering from BED.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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