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Are you satisfied? : The role of basic psychological need satisfaction in the perception of stress in university students : an experience sampling study

von Harling, Henri (2021) Are you satisfied? : The role of basic psychological need satisfaction in the perception of stress in university students : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Objective: The goal of this study was to explore the associations between basic need satisfaction and perceived stress on a daily level in university students. Method: An online experience sampling study using repeated measures was conducted. 63 participants agreed to participate, 46 were included in the final sample. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) was used to measure trait stress, the Basic Need Satisfaction in General Scale (BNSG-Scale) was used to measure trait basic need satisfaction. Stress numerical rating scale-11 (Stress NRS-11) was used to measure state stress, items were selected from the BNSG-Scale were used to measure state basic need satisfaction. The collected state data was analysed using Linear Mixed Models, the trait data using Linear Regression. Results: Weak to very weak negative associations were found between basic need satisfaction and stress both on state and trait level. A similar association was found between stress and the subscales competence, autonomy, and relatedness on a state level. Conclusion: The current study provides new evidence for the associations between state basic need satisfaction and perceived state stress. Specifically, negative associations between basic need satisfaction and perceived stress were found both at a state and trait level. The obtained correlations could have implications in the educational system, particularly in the design and implementation of study programs at universities. At last, this study provides a good basis for further research, by the creation of a state basic need satisfaction scale using the experience sampling method to measure state basic need satisfaction over the course of a week.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87507
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