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The Association between Self-Compassion and Loneliness in a Daily Context : an experience sampling study

Dreimann, Julia (2021) The Association between Self-Compassion and Loneliness in a Daily Context : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Young adults are at a high risk of experiencing loneliness which can lead to severe health complaints. Self-compassion is a positive psychological construct and has been linked to a high general well-being, thereby offering a potential solution in reducing feelings of loneliness. Until now, a negative association between self-compassion and loneliness could be shown on a trait level. However, research focusing on loneliness and self-compassion on a state level is still scarce. The current study aimed to assess how if the association on the trait level is reflected on the state level and how self-compassion and loneliness fluctuate on a daily basis. The Experience Sampling Method (ESM) was utilized to assess the state constructs over time. Results showed that not only trait self-compassion is negatively and significantly associated with trait loneliness, but also state self-compassion seems to be negatively significantly related with state loneliness. Thus, next to trait self-compassion, state self-compassion should become integrated in designing interventions to decrease or control loneliness levels. Although the generalizability of the present research needs to be established by future studies, this study fills a knowledge gap in that it shows that state self-compassion seems to exert an influence on state loneliness.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87509
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