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The relationship between self-efficacy and self-compassion : an experience sampling study

Flentje, Lena (2021) The relationship between self-efficacy and self-compassion : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Background: A recent study has found a positive association between self-efficacy and selfcompassion on the between-person level. Researchers have concluded that someone who is highly self-efficacious, is also more likely to be self-compassionate, as that person is able to understand their failures in a kind manner and can enhance the competences with feedback. However, no research has studied the relationship on the within-person level, leaving open the question of how state levels of self-efficacy and self-compassion fluctuate and influence each other during people’s days. Objectives: The goal of this study was to examine student’s selfefficacy and self-compassion scores on the trait and state level. It was therefore explored whether the association of state self-efficacy is more determined on the trait level of self-compassion (between-person) or the state level of self-compassion (within-person). Method: An experience sampling study was applied to 30 students to collect their self-efficacy and self-compassion trait and state level. The traits were measured by the New General Self-Efficacy Scale (NSGE) and the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF). The states were measured three times a day over a period of eight days with two items of each trait questionnaire. Results: No significant results were found between trait self-efficacy and trait self-compassion. Further, the average state scores do not predict the trait level. However, a significant association was found between both average state scores of self-efficacy and self-compassion. The result of the Linear Mixed Model indicate that state self-efficacy is not better predicted by the average state of self-compassion, than by the momentary level of self-compassion. Here, a weak positive correlation between state self-efficacy and the average state of self-compassion and state self-compassion was found. Discussion: The study’s results have shown that self-efficacy and self-compassion barely influence each other. Thus, someone who is mostly self-compassionate during their lifetime, does not at the same time be feeling self-efficacious and vice versa. However, someone feeling self-compassionate in one moment is slightly more likely to feel successful at the same time, while someone feeling less self-compassionate is slightly more likely to feel unsuccessful. In general, this study had a rather small sample, short timeframe and obtained an invalid state questionnaire, wherefore a more extended experience sampling method should be applied to examine this relationship in the future.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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