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The influence of self-control on self-oriented perfectionistic strivings in students

Arzbach, Jonathan (2021) The influence of self-control on self-oriented perfectionistic strivings in students.

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Abstract:The present experience sampling study examined the relationship between self-control and self-oriented perfectionistic strivings in students on a state and trait level. This investigation was motivated by the susceptibility of perfectionistic students for negative consequences of perfectionistic strivings and concerns, while these are considered to be minimizable by self-control. Participants were recruited through convenience- and snowball-sampling. The final sample comprises predominantly German and Dutch, as well as Lithuanian students (N=35) between 18 and 26 with a response rate of 50% or higher. Data collection was administered via the online platform Ethica over the course of fifteen days, in which participants completed daily state measurements, as well as the ‘Personal Standards’ dimension of the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and the Brief Self-control Scale once per week. All used scales are determined as internally consistent. Results from the standardized linear mixed model show that perfectionistic strivings are moderately positive associated to trait and weakly positive associated to state self-control. The hypothesized ego-depleting effect of perfectionistic strivings on self-control was not observed, implicating that general and momentary self-control provide perfectionistic students an increased capacity for goal-directedness, which enables them to meet their perfectionistic strivings. Future research shall additionally assess perfectionistic concerns in relation to self-control, to investigate the possible ego-depleting effect thereof.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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