University of Twente Student Theses


The effect of a self-made vitality intervention on loneliness in young adults during COVID-19

Hahn, E. (2021) The effect of a self-made vitality intervention on loneliness in young adults during COVID-19.

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Abstract:The background of this research is the increase in loneliness and the decrease in subjective vitality among young adults during COVID-19. The objective was to find out if a self-made intervention, aimed at increasing subjective vitality, also has an effect on loneliness. Therefore, this is a pilot study investigating the mediating effect of subjective vitality on the relationship between exercise and loneliness. A quasi-experimental design was applied, with 51 participants taking part in the 7-day-intervention. They filled out a pre- and a post-test including the Subjective Vitality Scale and the ULS-6. Data were analysed by gathering descriptive and inferential statistics, including a mediation analysis. Results showed an increase in subjective vitality, a direct effect of exercise frequency on subjective vitality, and of subjective vitality on loneliness. No direct effect of exercise frequency on loneliness was found, and loneliness did not change. It was concluded that subjective vitality was the predictor of loneliness, instead of the mediator. As the exercise frequency was measured and not the general participation, no causal inferences could be drawn from the exercises themselves. Thus, future research should replicate the study with a control group to find out if participating in the intervention in general causes effects.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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