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Quality of life in cancer survivors after participating in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program : a pre-post study

Iliadis, I.P.I. (2021) Quality of life in cancer survivors after participating in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program : a pre-post study.

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Abstract:Background: Cancer survivors struggle with many physiological and psychological complaints, such as fatigue, depression, and anxiety. These complaints strongly affect cancer survivors' quality of life (QOL). For this client base, the Roessingh clinic in Enschede offers a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). The main goal was to determine whether QOL increased and whether depression, anxiety, and fatigue decreased over time for cancer survivors recruited over three years. Furthermore, the study explored whether depression, anxiety, and fatigue moderate QOL. Method: Forty-eight cancer survivors were allocated to the rehabilitation program by Roessingh. The study used a pre-posttest design with four assessments. Wilcoxon rank tests determined whether QOL, depression, anxiety and fatigue changed over time. Additionally, a moderation analysis via Process was performed. Results: Results showed that QOL scores improved significantly, and depression, anxiety and fatigue reduced significantly over time. Furthermore, neither different levels of depression, anxiety, nor fatigue moderated QOL. Conclusion: Clinicians are encouraged to use a multidisciplinary treatment setting based on ACT to improve cancer survivors' QOL. However, the study design warrants further research, for example, by implementing a waitlist control group or comparing the rehabilitation program to a monodisciplinary rehabilitation program.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87589
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