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The influence of personality dimensions on victims’ and offenders’ willingness to particate in online forms of victim-offender mediation

Tomlin, S.L. (2021) The influence of personality dimensions on victims’ and offenders’ willingness to particate in online forms of victim-offender mediation.

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Abstract:Background. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects the personality dimensions Emotionality, Agreeableness and Openness to Experience have on the willingness to participate in video call VOM. Recently the relevance of online VOM has increased due to the effect so the pandemic. Video call is the closest replacement for face-to-face VOM and is therefore the main focus of this study. It was hypothesized that the higher a person is on these traits the more likely they would participate in video call VOM. In addition, this research looked at the effect of the personality dimension Honesty-Humility on the offender’s willingness to participate in VOM, hypothesizing that being higher in this trait leads to a higher willingness to participate. Method. The data was collected with a survey in which participants (n=77) should imagine themselves in a fictious robbery scenario as in the role of the victim and of the offender in random order. Hierarchical regression analysis was carried out to analyse the data. The personality dimensions, the role (Victim or Offender) and the perceived beneficiality of a second mediator were the independent variables. The dependent variable was the willingness to participate in video call VOM in imagined victims and offenders and the willingness to participate in VOM in imagined offenders. Additionally, the TAM was used to further explain any effects. Results. In contrast to the hypotheses, the results showed that the personality types of Emotionality, Agreeableness and Openness to Experience did not have an effect on the willingness to participate in VOM in victims and offenders. Unexpectedly, for those in the offender role, Honesty-Humility showed a negative relationship with the willingness to participate in video call VOM. Also for the imagined offenders, eXtraversion showed a positive relationship with the willingness to participate in online VOM. For offenders, no relationship between the personality types and the willingness to participate in VOM were indicated. Conclusion. The current study added to the research on the effects of personality dimensions on the willingness to participate in video call VOM. Personality does seem to have an effect on the choice to participate in video call VOM. Further research could investigate the effects of personality on other online forms of VOM.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87607
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