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The relationship between well-being and depression on a state and trait level : an experience sampling study

Navasartian Hevani, A. (2021) The relationship between well-being and depression on a state and trait level : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:According to the two-continua model, depression and well-being are two negatively correlated, yet distinct dimensions. However, research has not made attempts yet to directly compare whether these two dimensions are more valid on a state or trait level. Therefore, this study aims to investigate whether the two-continua model is more applicable to a state or trait level. The experience sampling method was employed using interval-contingent sampling. Well-being was measured using the SWEMWBS, depression was measured using a single-item depression scale. The data was analysed for associations using a series of Linear Mixed Model analyses and selected individual participant cases were plotted into line graphs. The analyses revealed that depression and well-being were significantly and negatively associated on both a trait and state level. Yet, this association was stronger on a state level (β =-0.51) than on a trait level (β=-0.36). With regard to the two-continua model, it appeared valid on both a trait and state level, yet more applicable to a trait level because well-being and depression were more distinct on this level. Thus, this study further supports the two-continua model. Research and mental health care should investigate well-being and symptomatology simultaneously since the two variables are not simply opposites.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87641
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