University of Twente Student Theses


Differences between public order policing responses to corona protests and to regular protests in Rotterdam

Liedenbaum, M.J.I. (2021) Differences between public order policing responses to corona protests and to regular protests in Rotterdam.

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Abstract:Policing corona protests has become core task of the police in Rotterdam during the COVID-19 (corona) pandemic. This study examines the differences between public order policing of corona demonstrations compared to regular demonstrations in Rotterdam. The differences can be understood by looking at the five explanatory factors – Circumstances of the pandemic, Type of demonstration and demonstrators, Approach (including briefing and coordination), Information and Autonomy –, using primary (interviews) and secondary (literature) data in a comparative case study. Where the autonomy and the briefing of police officers did not show significant effects on these differences, the other factors did. Complexities in terms of coordination, a difference in the amount of and difficulty in gathering information, a more diverse and unknown group of protesters, difficulties with enforcing the RIVM-regulations, contradiction with other laws such as the WOM and effects of the pandemic on individual police officers and the police as an organization affected police action. The corona pandemic and its demonstrations resulted in the further development of networking as part of the public order policing approach and response. The police have become more focussed on flexible and adjusted approaches. In the end, the corona demonstrations have boosted this change and police learned from their experiences for future situations.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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