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The effectiveness of a gratitude app on gratitude, well-being and self-esteem and adherence behaviour of university students in times of Covid-19

Huisman, S.M (2021) The effectiveness of a gratitude app on gratitude, well-being and self-esteem and adherence behaviour of university students in times of Covid-19.

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Abstract:The mental health of young adults has decreased during the Covid-19 pandemic which can have many negative implications for their lives. Gratitude interventions have shown effectiveness in increasing well-being and self-esteem of individuals. Despite most of these gratitude interventions being conducted paper-based, online interventions grant additional advantages. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of an app-based gratitude intervention on the feelings of gratitude, well-being and self-esteem of university students, assess their adherence and its relation to the outcome measures. This study was a pilot test with a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test design. A questionnaire was used at baseline (T0) and after following a 3-week app-based gratitude intervention (T1) including 23 university students. A paired-sample t-test on the outcome measures was used and descriptive statistics to assess the adherence behaviour of the participants. Further, Pearson’s correlations were computed on the usage time of the intervention and change scores of the outcome measures. The results showed a significant difference between the means of T0 and T1 on well-being and grateful mood. However, no significant difference was found between the means on T0 and T1 for self-esteem and grateful mood. Further, three-quarters of the participants used the intervention at least five days per week. Lastly, Pearson's correlation showed no significant relationship between usage time of the intervention and change scores of the outcome measures. The online-based gratitude intervention showed to be effective on the well-being and grateful mood but not on dispositional gratitude and self-esteem of the participants, while participant adherence was sufficient. The gratitude intervention could be used by healthy students supporting them in their daily lives. Keywords: Gratitude, Well-being, Self-esteem, Grateful mood, App
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87744
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