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Predictors of emotional, psychological, and social well-being during COVID-19: The effects of extraversion, adherence to social distancing measures, and gender on well-being in times of corona.

Labes, N. (2021) Predictors of emotional, psychological, and social well-being during COVID-19: The effects of extraversion, adherence to social distancing measures, and gender on well-being in times of corona.

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Abstract:Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, extraversion was labeled one of the strongest predictors of well-being. In times of the pandemic, it is unclear whether extraverts experience higher or lower levels of emotional, psychological, and social well-being than introverts. The overarching aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the effect of extraversion on emotional, psychological, and social well-being in times of corona (1). Subsequent aims were to examine to which extent the adherence to social distancing measures mediates the relationships between extraversion and emotional, psychological, and social well-being (2), and to which extent gender moderates these relationships (3). The data were taken from the LISS panel. The sample consisted of 440 Dutch participants. Extraversion significantly predicted increased emotional, psychological, and social well-being during the pandemic (1). There was no mediating effect of adherence on the relationships between extraversion and the three dimensions of well-being (2). Gender did not moderate the relationships between extraversion and emotional, psychological, or social well-being (3). It was found that higher levels of extraversion are a consistent predictor of well-being. Extraversion appears to predict emotional well-being to a somewhat smaller extent than psychological and social well-being. With extraversion-introversion in mind, future research could identify specific risk factors for decreased levels of well-being, based on which measures to protect the population’s well-being could be taken.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87819
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