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How People Define Sexism: The Role of Intent and Harm in Judgements of Sexism towards Women in the Workplace

Bieselt, Helena Elisabeth (2021) How People Define Sexism: The Role of Intent and Harm in Judgements of Sexism towards Women in the Workplace.

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Abstract:Even though there are documented detrimental consequences of subtle and implicit sexism towards women, there is still a widespread controversy about what counts as sexism. This paper examined through two studies the influence of intent and harm, the type of actor (individuals vs. institutions), and the level of feminism on the judgement of subtle and implicit sexism in the workplace. Study 1 used Pearson’s bivariate correlations and resulted in positive moderate to strong relationships between perceived sexism with perceived intent, harm, and level of feminism. Study 2 used two 2 x 2 x 2 ANOVAs and Pearson’s correlations, revealing that participants judged the behaviour and character as significantly more sexist when there was a high intent to discriminate compared to a low intent but did not perceive a significant difference in sexism when high vs. low harm descriptions were given. Institutions were judged to be significantly more sexist in behaviour than individuals in the high intent high harm condition. Level of feminism was positively related to perceived intent, harm and sexism. This research implies that in addition to harm people use intent and the type of actor to form their judgements of sexism.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/87901
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