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The Application of Mindfulness Based Therapy (MBT) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD): A Scoping Review

Dammers, Markus (2021) The Application of Mindfulness Based Therapy (MBT) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD): A Scoping Review.

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Abstract:Background: With a prevalence of 7% of the world population as well as a variety of mental health comorbidities, Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a challenge for psychological and physiological well-being and a predictor for economical and social problems, giving an effective treatment great importance. However, literature shows a mixed evidence of common therapeutical approaches to treat SUD effectively and effectiveness is always related to certain conditions, like kind of substance. Also increasing relapse rates in the long-term are still a problem. Mindfulness-based treatments (MBT) are frequently used as an alternative method. The aim of this article is to review current evidence of MBT, compared to other approaches. Method: By using the online databases PubMed and Scopus, as well as Google Scholar, an exhaustive literature search was conducted. Ten studies have been reviewed with regard to effectiveness of MBT in in the treatment of SUD. Results: MBT turned out as an effective approach for treating SUD and in addition more effective than TAU and equally effective as CBT in the short-term, but more effective than CBT in the longterm. Compared to TAU and CBT, people treated with MBT experienced lower craving, stress, anxiety and depression. Conclusion: MBT is an effective and flexible approach for the treatment of SUD. By tackling craving, depressive mood, anxiety and stress MBT manages to diminish relapse in the long-term. In addition MBT is applicable for different categories of substances.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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