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The relationship between self-criticism, body dissatisfaction and mental well-being in patients with anorexia nervosa

Dreibrodt, K. (2021) The relationship between self-criticism, body dissatisfaction and mental well-being in patients with anorexia nervosa.

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Abstract:Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental disorder characterized by a significantly reduced calorie intake, weight loss, the intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, and a body image disturbance. This body image disturbance and associated body dissatisfaction serve as maintaining factors of AN. Another maintaining factor for AN is self-criticism. Both, self-criticism and body dissatisfaction are found to have a negative effect on the symptomatology of AN. Literature suggests that mental well-being and psychopathology are related but distinct concepts. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship between body dissatisfaction, self-criticism and mental well-being in AN patients. A cross-sectional design was used including 213 AN patients. The majority was female and aged between 16 and 30 years. The data was collected by questionnaires covering all three introduced concepts. To investigate the introduced topic, a mediation analysis was performed for body dissatisfaction as the mediator on the relationship between self-criticism and mental well-being. Significant direct effects were found for self-criticism on both body dissatisfaction and well-being. However, the mediation analysis was insignificant. As there is little literature about mental well-being in AN patients, future research should examine possible predictors of and influences for mental well-being in individuals with AN.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88092
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