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The Evaluation of Acid Mine Drainage Management Policy : implementation in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatera, Indonesia

Hutagalung, Franky Armando (2021) The Evaluation of Acid Mine Drainage Management Policy : implementation in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatera, Indonesia.

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Abstract:In the case of a policy, even if it has been clearly formulated and stipulated by the policymakers, its existence does not ensure that it will be effectively implemented. The government of Indonesia, as a policymaker, has established a framework for action and determine the policy's goals and targets to implement Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) management policies. To make the implementation of the AMD management policy more effective, all actors involved are expected to share the same vision and collaborate in diminishing the harmful environmental effect of the AMD generation. This study aims to shed light on the implementation of AMD management policy in private coal mining companies in Muara Enim, South Sumatera, Indonesia. This research uses Contextual Interaction Theory, Governance Assessment Tool, and Policy Implementation Effectiveness as the theoretical grounds. This study uses a mixed research method with an emphasis on the quantitative analysis of the data and the whole gathered information. The primary data for this research are acquired via survey and in-depth semi-structured interviews with the management and staff of private coal mining companies, federal, provincial, and local environmental agencies, the representative of Non-Governmental Organizations, and academic researchers. The secondary data are derived from a review of works of literature about AMD management and policy implementation, company documents, company reports on AMD management, monitoring reports from the local environmental agencies, and any other relevant sources. The result of this study revealed that the interaction of the actors involved in AMD management policy implementation was characterized by cooperation. However, the governance contextual circumstances were predominantly assessed as restrictive, and the effectiveness level of AMD management policy implementation was moderately effective. Several recommendations are provided to enhance the implementation of AMD management by performing sustainable mining practices, collaborative governance, strong policy enforcement, as well as recommendations for further research on other policy areas in mining sectors.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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