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Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers using Climate-Smart Agriculture : the case of Rejosari Village, Indonesia

Agustini, Dian Tristi (2021) Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers using Climate-Smart Agriculture : the case of Rejosari Village, Indonesia.

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Abstract:Warming temperatures due to climate change have resulted in an increasing trend of extreme events that disrupt the agricultural sector, which affects weather and soil fertility. Both of these components have important roles in farming activities which affect agricultural yields. This situation endangers farmers who are poor and become smallholder farmers, and heavily rely on rainfall irrigation systems. Therefore, planning proper adaptation strategies through Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) can increase the yields and alleviate farmers’ problems due to climate impacts. Smallholder farmers in Rejosari village, Indonesia, implement rainfed agriculture. Currently, they experience drought, reduced crop quality, and pest and disease outbreaks. The changing climate makes these problems worse. In this regard, farmers implement adaptation strategies through CSA practices such as soil management, utilization of decomposed manure, and agroforestry and intercropping systems. This study aims to examine CSA practices to improve the climate change adaptation strategies and climate resilience of smallholder farmers in Rejosari village. For this purpose, data were collected and analysed through field observation, interviews, and document reviews on the perceived impacts of climate change, farmers’ characteristics, strategies, and decision-making processes. Finally, CSA practices chosen by the farmers were assessed in order to discover their benefits and the improvements needed. The results reveal that smallholder farmers in Rejosari village implement beneficial CSA practices to adapt to climate change. They tend to choose adaptation strategies that bring economic benefits rather than long-term effects on natural resources. Thus, governments should give more attention and priority to improve the awareness and lessen the vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers in the village to address the impacts of climate change.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:02 science and culture in general, 43 environmental science, 73 cultural anthropology
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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