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Ecotourism effects on forest conservation and rural development in Way Kambas National Park, Indonesia

Anggraini, Renny Indira (2021) Ecotourism effects on forest conservation and rural development in Way Kambas National Park, Indonesia.

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Abstract:Way Kambas National Park is bordered by residential areas providing high interaction between the community and the conservation area. The surrounding community could enter the area as well as to utilize the resources in it to meet their daily needs. Consequently, illegal hunting, illegal fishing, and forest fires are also unavoidable. Since recently, ecotourism strategy has been introduced to synergize the interests for the preservation of protected areas and economic needs of communities. Therefore, this research aims to analyze the effects of ecotourism activities on forest conservation and rural development. Two case studies were utilized for this purpose, conducted in Braja Harjosari Village and Labuhan Ratu VII Village. This study further applies a theoretical approach of triple bottom line, which includes economic, social, and environmental sustainability aspects in order to achieve the objective of the study. For the data collection, methods such as Focus Group Discussions, community surveys and literature or document studies related to the ecotourism development in the selected park were applied. The results indicate that there are significant social and economic improvements in Braja Harjosari Village, while in Labuhan Ratu VII Village contrastingly indicates stagnancy. However, the ecological impact in the two observed villages is deemed visible. There has been an increase in public awareness for conservation and preservation of the national park area. In addition, support for the development of ecotourism has been generated from various stakeholders’ collaborations. An overarching conclusion of this research is that the implementation of ecotourism in both Braja Harjosari Village and Labuhan Ratu VII Village provides positive impacts in accordance with the conservation and rural development agenda.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science, 70 social sciences in general
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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