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Renewable energy communities as a tool for the democratization of the local energy transition in the province of Fryslân, the Netherlands

Chavez Hernandez, J.G. (2021) Renewable energy communities as a tool for the democratization of the local energy transition in the province of Fryslân, the Netherlands.

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Abstract:The Clean Energy for all Europeans Package (CEP) establishes the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) as the framework through which RECs are defined and receive a legal character at the European level. Citizens are considered drivers of the energy transition; therefore, the research objective comprises the assessment of democratic qualities in RECs and their contribution to the democratization of the local energy transition by carrying an in-depth study of three energy cooperatives in the province of Fryslân: Duurzaam Akkrum Nes, Grieneko and Wijnjewoude Energie Neutraal. The research uses the definition from the RED, the International Cooperative Alliance principles and three main democratic qualities: participation, acceptance and right of members, to assess democracy in RECs. In this research data was collected from documents and through interviews. The data was codified and analysed to investigate the contribution of RECs to the energy transition. The research concludes that although RECs present democratic qualities in their establishment and operation phases, different degrees of democracy prevail on each of the energy cooperatives. RECs contribute as well to the democratization of the local energy transition, however, there are certain barriers and drivers that need to be considered, if the local energy transition is to be advanced.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88205
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