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An ACT-based intervention among patients suffering from chronic pain and insomnia: A Pilot Study

Loske, Milena (2021) An ACT-based intervention among patients suffering from chronic pain and insomnia: A Pilot Study.

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Abstract:Chronic pain and insomnia are both highly prevalent and have both numerous negative consequences. On top of that, insomnia is the most common sleep disorder associated with chronic pain. The use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in treating insomnia grows. Until now, few studies have examined ACT in chronic pain patients with insomnia. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate whether an ACT-based intervention leads to improvements in insomnia. This pilot study includes 11 participants who suffer from chronic pain and insomnia. The five-week ACT-based intervention included components of sleep restriction/stimulus control, a behavioural experiment and ACT. The participants stayed one week at home after every intervention week. A sleep diary and ballistocardiograph were used in the intervention weeks. The Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes for Sleep (DBAS) questionnaire was measured at the baseline and at the end of the last intervention week. A significant decrease was found between pre-test and post-test in sleep-related dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes. Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) was measured two times per intervention week. A large significant decrease was found between the baseline and the end of the first intervention week. Additionally, a significant decrease was found between the baseline and the end of the last intervention week. This pilot study indicates that the participation in the ACT-based intervention decreases dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep and insomnia severity, even though it is unclear which component of the intervention is responsible for the improvement.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88311
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