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Young adults in a global pandemic: Using a self-made intervention to increase subjective vitality and to identify possible mediators

Dannenberg, L. (2021) Young adults in a global pandemic: Using a self-made intervention to increase subjective vitality and to identify possible mediators.

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Abstract:Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a 7-day intervention, that tackles both the physical and mental aspect of subjective vitality, would increase subjective vitality among young adults. Another aim of this study was to test for potential mediating effects of spiritual well-being and physical self-efficacy between exercise and subjective vitality. The contextual background for this study was the Covid-19 crisis, where people are thought to possess overall less subjective vitality. Method: 51 participants (mean age: 21, range: 18-24; 80.3% women) completed the 7-day intervention. Subjective vitality, spiritual well-being, and physical self-efficacy were measured at the pre- and post-test stage. The employed scale for subjective vitality was the subjective vitality scale (SVS), while the scales used for spiritual well-being and physical efficacy were the FACIT-Sp and physical self-efficacy respectively. For the duration of the self-made intervention, participants had to complete a set of physical tasks in their mornings and a breathing task every evening that tackles the mental side of subjective vitality. Data was analysed with SPSS. Results: The results showed significant differences in subjective vitality for the pre- and post-test. After the intervention, participants reported to feel generally more vital than before. The mediation analysis did not yield significant results. However, spiritual well-being and physical self-efficacy turned out to be predictors for changes in subjective vitality rather than mediators between frequency of exercise and subjective vitality. Conclusion: The self-made intervention could serve as a well-fitting starting point for future research. However, adjustments to the whole structure must be made to be able to yield usable results.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88425
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