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Self-compassion and compliance with health behaviors as predictors for psychological well-being in chronic illness patients

Zabrowarny, Julia (2021) Self-compassion and compliance with health behaviors as predictors for psychological well-being in chronic illness patients.

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Abstract:This research aimed to expand the field of chronic illness in psychology by investigating the role of self-compassion and performing health behaviors as predictors of psychological well-being. More precisely, the first research question was “which dimensions of self-compassion are most strongly correlated with psychological well-being?” where the dimensions of one scale involved the “positive” and “negative” dimension, and the second scale involved “compassionate boundary guarding”, “compassionate self-regulation”, and “use of support”. The second research question was “to what extent is the relation between self-compassion and psychological well-being mediated by health behaviors?”. The sample consisted of participants above the age of 18 who suffer from a chronic illness. The study consisted of two questionnaires investigating the level of self-compassion (SCS-SF and SCCC), one questionnaire to assess psychological well-being (MHC-SF) and the last one to measure the frequency of performing health behaviors (WBI+). The WBI+ is an adapted form of the Well Behavior Inventory that was tailored for chronic patients for the purpose of this study. These questionnaires were completed online. The results indicated a positive correlation (SCS-SF r=0.65; SCC r=0.58) between the constructs of self-compassion and psychological well-being. For the SCS-SF the dimension that correlated the strongest with psychological well-being was the negative one and for the SCCC, the most strongly correlated dimension was compassionate self-regulation (r=0.60) .As expected, the relationship between self-compassion and psychological well being was partly mediated by health behaviours. However, this mediation effect was only found for the SCCC (B=0.80). No evidence for mediation was not found when using the SCS-SF (B=0.85). To conclude, the findings of the study can contribute to the area of clinical psychology by establishing the most relevant aspect of self-compassion and the role of performing health behaviours as contributors in achieving psychological well-being for chronic patients.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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