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Investigating the association between extraversion and happiness : an experience sampling study

Preissler, R.H. (2021) Investigating the association between extraversion and happiness : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Studies about personality traits and affect show that extraversion and happiness appear to be strongly linked together, yet most studies predominantly investigate them as stable expressions at the trait-level. To analyze these associations in daily life, this study uses the experience sampling method, linear mixed models with a nested autoregressive covariance structure and Pearson correlations were used to investigate the relationship between the constructs. A non-significant relationship was found between trait extraversion and average state happiness (r = 0.12; p = .470), the association between the averages of state extraversion and state happiness was strong and significant (r = .586, p < .001), while a non-significant association was revealed between average extraversion and trait happiness (r = .440, p = .004). Finally, state measurements were investigated, revealing a strong and significant association (β = .44; SE = .21; p < .001; 95% CI [.40, .48]). Findings imply that feeling more extraverted in a given moment is associated with higher levels of happiness, while the trait level of extraversion has no significant association with happiness levels. So, being an introvert or being an extravert makes no significant difference in this association. This means that acting like an extravert, whether you are one or not, predicts higher levels of happiness.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88614
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