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Fear of COVID-19: Exploring the effectiveness of an ecological momentary gratitude intervention in daily life in times of Corona

Danaci, Sare (2021) Fear of COVID-19: Exploring the effectiveness of an ecological momentary gratitude intervention in daily life in times of Corona.

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Abstract:The worldwide outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic comes with a significant mental health burden. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to explore if a brief gratitude approach can relieve the mental health burden in terms of fear of Covid, depression, stress, and anxiety and simultaneously enhance happiness and gratitude among a German non-clinical study sample. The current study is an ecological momentary intervention (EMI) study with a mixed method design to explore the effects of a 16-day gratitude intervention combining an experience sampling method (ESM) with a pre-and posttest design. Results revealed that the gratitude EMI was not associated with reduced fear of Covid, depression, anxiety, and stress or increased gratitude or happiness over time as trait constructs. Of the state constructs, momentary fear of Covid did significantly, but weakly, decrease over time. The other state constructs of sadness, anxiety, stress, grateful mood, gratitude, and happiness did not significantly change over time. Further, results indicated a non-linear dose-response association between the frequency of performing the gratitude exercise and several state constructs. Future studies can integrate a control group with an adaptive just-in-time system to the EMI to tailor the intervention based on the current state feelings of the participants.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88643
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