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Analysing the impact of fit for purpose land documentation on tenure security

Maluke, Francisca (2021) Analysing the impact of fit for purpose land documentation on tenure security.

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Abstract:Tenure security is important to the majority landholders especially those under customary tenure as it influences the extent to which landholders are prepared to invest in their land. The lack of tenure security has the ability to increase poverty, land disputes and evictions. The United Nations through its Sustainable Development Goals has recognised the importance of tenure security for all. Only over a quarter of the world’s population has secure rights to land. The conventional methods of land registration have failed to close the tenure gap. The introduction of the alternative fit for purpose approaches to register land is slowly closing the tenure gap by registering all tenure types and rights such as customary land rights. However, the impact of these alternative approaches of land registration on customary landholders is unknown. Therefore, this study seeks to contribute to scientific knowledge by carrying out an impact assessment of the fit for purpose approaches, particularly the fit for purpose land registration programme that was implemented in Chamuka Chiefdom using the STDM tool, and if it brought about the improved tenure security to the landholders. Accordingly, it endeavours to investigate the relationship between FFP land documentation and the trend of investment in land thereof, to determine the impact of FFP land documentation on the socio-economic status of the landholders. The research adopted a case study approach of the qualitative method. Semi-structured interviews and focus group meetings were used to obtain primary data from landholders, land officials and the customary leadership. Observations of the local environment helped to gather information that related to investments on land. Analysis of literature was used to obtain secondary data. The study found out that the land documentation was implemented in line with existing good principles of land governance and it increased the landholders tenure security. There is a weak relationship between the FFP land documentation and the trend of investment in the study area. It was further realised that the FFP land documentation had more social impacts than economic impacts on the livelihoods of the documented landholders. Results of this study have policy implications regarding the successes of the FFP land documentation and the suggestions for the recognition of FFP land certificates by different stakeholders. Therefore, the study recommends the sensitisation of landholders on how they can use the land certificates to improve the economic aspects of their livelihoods in view of the approval of the National Land Policy in Zambia.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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