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The effect of stop forms and explaining on perceptions of justice during proactive stops by the Dutch police : a civilian perspective

Veluwen, C. van (2021) The effect of stop forms and explaining on perceptions of justice during proactive stops by the Dutch police : a civilian perspective.

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Abstract:For years, Dutch civilians have experienced racism by the police, which impaired the police-civilian relationship. Various interventions were implemented to decrease ethnic profiling, however, many interventions lack academic support for their effectiveness and lack focus on the perception of civilians. Specifically perceptions of procedural and interactional justice are expected to positively affect the police-civilian relationship. This study examined the effect of providing an explanation and a stop form during proactive stops on perceptions of procedural and interactional justice. Additionally, participants’ interpretation of noting down ethnicity on stop forms was explored. Participants (N = 118) experienced a proactive stop in VR, with or without a Stop Form and with or without an Explanation (IVs). The results indicate that mainly providing an explanation increases perceptions of both procedural and interactional justice (f = 0.95; f = 1.09). Stop forms appear not to affect perceptions of procedural justice, and to slightly impair the effect of explaining on perceptions of interactional justice (f = 0.10). This study is a first indication for the important role of explaining to improve perceptions of justice. Additionally, the interpretations of noting down ethnicity on stop forms varied greatly varied.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88732
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