University of Twente Student Theses


Exploring the barriers of solar energy development in expansion areas of Addis Ababa

Gebremaryam, Nigsti Hailu (2021) Exploring the barriers of solar energy development in expansion areas of Addis Ababa.

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Abstract:More than 50% of the world's people live in cities, and 75% of the population is expected to live in urban areas by 2050, so meeting energy demand sustainably is the most important difficulty for the future. Solar energy is believed as a promising source of renewable energy and an effective solution for power outages. This thesis aims to develop a framework for assessing the potential of solar energy development in the expansion condominium areas of Addis Ababa based on identified influential factors for solar energy development. First, the identified barriers are classified into economic, policy and institutional, information and human resource, technological, spatial, and societal, from various studies. Then based on data collected from Ethiopian draft energy policy document, energy sector report, household survey, KIs interview, and FGD with relevant experts, this thesis identifies the key barriers to the development of solar photovoltaic (PV) and institutional and policy barriers are separated and classified into seven categories. Then, the Best-Worst ranking method (BWM) is used to determine the importance of the identified factors and indicators to solar energy development in the condominium area. The findings indicate that policy and regulatory framework is the most influential barrier to solar energy development. Indicators such as “no clear, well-structured and unimplemented policy,” “limited RE incentive (tax exemption, feed-in tariff, net metering),” and “weak energy sector institutional regulation & management” make the factor the most influential in hindering solar energy development in the context of Addis Ababa condominium areas. The economic factor is the second most influential barrier factor in the condominium areas. Indicators that make the economic factor the second most influential for the solar energy development include “foreign currency shortage & high foreign exchange spending,” “limited access to financing.” and affordability issue. It is recommended that the Ethiopian energy sector, decision-makers, policy makers, and concerned parties in the energy sector including, Ministry of Water, Energy and Irrigation (MoWIE), Ethiopian Energy Authority (EEA) to focus on the most relevant barriers when planning for energy to ensure a successful development of solar energy in the city.Gebremaryam
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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