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Impacts of industrial parks on their employees environmental quality of life: A case of Bole Lemi I Industrial Park and Eastern Industry Zone

Tiruneh, Kalkidan Yifru (2021) Impacts of industrial parks on their employees environmental quality of life: A case of Bole Lemi I Industrial Park and Eastern Industry Zone.

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Abstract:Developing countries have been creating industrial parks to boost their economic development. Industrial parks come with their advantages and disadvantages on social, economic, environmental, and political features that people use. In this vein, Ethiopia is one of the developing countries creating industrial parks; the creation of industrial parks aims to provide employees better conditions and opportunities to boost production. Although the industrial parks generate job opportunities, the turnover of employees is observed in most of the Ethiopian industrial parks. Some of these turnovers are caused due to the lack of cultural context policies such as adapting to new technologies and working environments. This paper aims to understand how the characteristics of industrial parks influence the environmental quality of life of their employees by measuring the environmental quality of life of employees in government-owned and privately-owned Ethiopian industrial parks. The research utilized a case study approach, using a mixed-method approach, both quantitative and qualitative data collection, and analysis methods to measure the subjective and objective environmental quality of life and understand the influences of the characteristics of industrial parks on the environmental quality of life. The environmental quality of life in Ethiopian privately-owned and government-owned industrial parks was investigated using surveys, key informant interviews, and satellite images. The findings have shown differences in the environmental quality of life of employees in the government-owned and privately-owned industrial parks. The respondents of the government-owned industrial park have a better level of satisfaction on recreational areas, clinic, and first aid services, while the respondents of the privately-owned industrial park have a better level of satisfaction on water and sanitation, waste disposal, café/restaurants, green/open spaces, and training centers. In addition to this, respondents of both industrial parks have a similar level of satisfaction with house, break rooms, and employee transportation services. The findings imply that both subjective and objective measures need to be integrated to understand the environmental quality of life fully. Also, the characteristics of both industrial parks have positively and negatively affected the perception of the employees on their environmental quality of life.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
Link to this item:https://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88992
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