University of Twente Student Theses


Preventing Ethnic Profiling in Police Contexts: the Role of Organisational Justice

Rosmalen, Nadine van (2021) Preventing Ethnic Profiling in Police Contexts: the Role of Organisational Justice.

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Abstract:In recent years, ethnic profiling by police officers has been a widely debated topic around the globe. Also within the Dutch police departments (preventive) measures have been taken to combat this problem. The measures provoke a reaction of resistance among police officers, who in many cases have a negative attitude towards them. However, it is unclear where this reaction comes from and what role organisational justice plays in this attitude. Therefore, this research aims to illustrate the role of organisational justice in the prevention of ethnic profiling within Dutch police departments. This research is conducted by means of an extensive literature research, after which existing data was analysed coming from questionnaires aimed at professionalising police stops. In this, the underlying variables of the relationship between organisational justice and the attitude of police officers towards preventive measures against ethnic profiling were described. This includes different types of organisational justice, both procedural justice and distributive justice. In addition, the social exchange theory, the role of organisational support and intrinsic motivation are discussed. This research shows that organisational justice is a determining factor of the attitude of police officers towards measures against ethnic profiling. In general, diversity within the organisation is seen as positive by many employees. However, employees believe that the organisation does not practise what it preaches, because they think job selection processes are often focused on external characteristics to increase diversity within the organisation. Employees tend to behave according to how they feel they are treated. Since they experience an unfair treatment, this leads to resistance and a negative attitude towards preventive measures against ethnic profiling. These outcomes are explained by social exchange theory and the degree of perceived organisational support. When people feel unseen or treated unfairly, this can lead to implications that might be a reason for concern for the organisation. For example, a decreased motivation to pursue organisational goals, but also unfair treatments of suspects or the public. And, in the context of prevention of ethnic profiling, low organisational justice could lead to a negative attitude towards the organisation and its policies.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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