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Living to work or working to live? : The effects of shift work schedules on work-life balance in the public healthcare

Spekker, W. K. (2022) Living to work or working to live? : The effects of shift work schedules on work-life balance in the public healthcare.

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Abstract:Background – With the current shortage of specialized employees in the area of public healthcare, the retention of employees has become increasingly important. Different factors of shift work impact the satisfaction and work-life balance of employees in this sector, where a large amount is rather unsatisfied with their work-life balance due to unpredictable and rather flexible shift work schedules. Therefore, the focus will be on shift work schedules. Problem – The main question of this research is “What effects do shift work schedules have on work-life balance of employees in the public healthcare sector?”. Method – A combination of a satisfaction survey and Sustainable Employability tool (by ‘ModernWorkX’) analysis was used to analyse the effect of shift work schedules on work-life balance of the employees at the German public healthcare company ‘Heilpädagogische Hilfe Bersenbrück’. Hierarchical linear regression analyses based on a sample of 79 respondents was used to analyse the effect of subjective and objective shift work schedule satisfaction on the work-life balance of the employees. Outcomes – Main findings include that there is a significant effect of “length and intensity of working hours”, “social aspects of working hours” and “Worktime Control” on the Work-Life Balance of employees. The combination of both survey and SE tool data/ methods (Regression Model 4, Adjusted R2= 44.6 %, Sig.= <.05) includes four significant predictors of WLB: Length & intensity of working hours, social aspects of working hours, Worktime Control, Strain of working schedules and the control variable Gender. The explained variance was higher for the regression model including satisfaction variables (subjective data) rather than objective data from the Sustainable Employability tool. Implications/ Applications – Practical implications include advice to the management and HR department of the organization in regard to reframing the shift planning to a (fixed forward) rotation schedule as well as the company’s health management to enable a better work-life balance for their employees. Lastly, the company should re-analyse the situation within the institutions after these changes were implemented. Theoretical implications include the significant findings of this new method of predicting the work-life balance of employees (combination of SE tool and satisfaction survey).
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Heilpädagogische Hilfe Bersenbrück, Bersenbrück, Germany
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Business Administration MSc (60644)
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