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Psychometric Properties of the Social Participation Questionnaire – Short Form (s-SRPQ) for Individuals with Bipolar Disorder

Hubbert, Julia M. (2022) Psychometric Properties of the Social Participation Questionnaire – Short Form (s-SRPQ) for Individuals with Bipolar Disorder.

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Abstract:Social role participation is a key factor contributing to the personal recovery of individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). Therefore, a valid and reliable instrument measuring social role participation is needed. The current study investigated the factor structure, internal consistency, convergent validity, and incremental validity of the short form of the Social Role Participation Questionnaire (s-SRPQ) in a sample of individuals with BD (N = 97). The factor structure was assessed using CFA and internal consistency was evaluated calculating the reliability coefficients Cronbach’s Alpha and McDonald’s Omega. Convergent validation measures were assessed calculating correlations between the s-SRPQ and measures of personal recovery, positive emotions, positive relationships, and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Incremental validity was examined by testing whether the two dimensions of social role participation explain additional variance in personal recovery above and beyond anxiety and depressive symptoms. The results of the CFA suggested a poor fit of the previously established two-factor structure (CFI = 0.716; TLI = 0.646; SRMR = 0.108; RMSEA = 0.105). When error correlations were allowed, the fit slightly improved but still no acceptable fit of the model could be found (CFI = 0.883; TLI = 0.848; SRMR = 0.089; RMSEA = 0.110). Internal consistency was found to be acceptable for the Satisfaction dimension (α = 0.77 and ω = .78) and good for the Difficulties dimension (α = 0.81 and ω =.82). For the convergent validity measures, strong correlations were found between Satisfaction and personal recovery, positive emotions, and positive relationship, as well as strong negative between Satisfaction and depressive and anxiety symptoms. The opposite was true for the Difficulties dimension. Furthermore, the s-SRPQ explained additional variance in personal recovery above and beyond depressive and anxiety symptoms, indicating incremental reliability. The present findings suggest that the s-SRPQ is a reliable and valid measure to assess social role participation in individuals with BD, but considering the poor fit of the model, a revision of the questionnaire for individuals with BD seems necessary. These findings emphasize the importance of measuring and focusing on social role participation when aiming at increasing personal recovery in clinical and research practice.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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