University of Twente Student Theses


A Reference Model for Decarbonising the Passenger Aviation Ecosystem

Miu, Ioana (2022) A Reference Model for Decarbonising the Passenger Aviation Ecosystem.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Currently, Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions are one of the biggest threats to the environment. The aviation industry currently contributes over 3% to global CO2 emissions and is considered the most unsustainable mode of transport currently available [1]. Additionally, passenger travel is accountable for 81% of the overall aviation emissions. Therefore, the industry must reduce its current emissions and the enterprises active within the industry must improve their current business model. A Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE) aims to create an environment that fosters the economical development of businesses and facilitates the interaction between enterprises, governments, research and innovation [2]. The proposed perspective of reinventing the industry and making it ready to face the incoming emission reduction standards by using a DBE was due to the alignment of the aim of a DBE with the goal of this research. This can enable the industry to connect and collaborate with other stakeholders inside the industry and strategically align their business to reach their decarbonisation goals. The aim of the research is also reflected in the main research question of this research, as shown below. ”How can ecosystem architecture improve the Scope 3 CO2 emission for oil and gas resulting from passenger travel in the aviation industry?” A literature review was conducted to establish the state of the art literature regarding the aviation industry-wide decarbonisation approaches, and create an overview of the existing DBE architectures which aim to solve decarbonisation issues in the aviation industry. Due to a shortage of literature, a preliminary series of nine interviews have been conducted. During these interviews, the capabilities needed for reducing the industry’s emissions were defined and a capability map which provides the foundation for the reference model was designed. Additionally, the second round consists of six sessions, each focused on a different sector (Ground Operations, Flight Operations, Aircraft Design, Fuel Management, Ecosystem Management for Flights Improvement, and Ecosystem Management for Flights Reduction). For each value chain within the aviation industry, architectural models have been designed in collaboration with the experts. This technique was used to define the main common capabilities and understand how each value chain needs to be integrated into the ecosystem model. According to the opinion of the experts, a centralized Ecosystem Core model was needed to assure the collaboration of all parties into one decarbonisation ecosystem. Moreover, a reference model for decarbonising the aviation industry through an ecosystem approach has been designed. Additionally, during the research, a novel approach to the use of DBEs for the purpose of decarbonisation has been developed. The findings presented in this research directly contribute to the research and to the practice of DBE, as well as the current knowledge concerning the correlations between DBEs and decarbonisation. Lastly, this research has resulted in a new way of perceiving Aviation as more than a classical industry, but as a DBE.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:EEMCS: Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science
Subject:54 computer science, 58 process technology, 85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Business Information Technology MSc (60025)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page