University of Twente Student Theses


Improving the cargo transport flow within the yard of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol by using improved connectivity

Laar, J.S.M. van (2022) Improving the cargo transport flow within the yard of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol by using improved connectivity.

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Abstract:The motivation behind this research is the heavy congestion within the Amsterdam Airport Schiphol area. The infrastructure around Schiphol consists of public roads, thus the traffic is not directly controlled by the airport authority. There is a mix of passenger transport together with freight transport. The congestion in the Schiphol area is caused by (i) limited space at the ground handlers (GHs) and (ii) cargo deliveries that are not regulated. Regarding the first, the limited space at the GHs results in the lack of space at the GH waiting area for trucks that need to drop off or pick up cargo. Therefore, trucks will park alongside the public road and will wait there until they can proceed to the GH parking places. This can sometimes take a long time and results in unsafe traffic situations and congestion. Regarding the second, unregulated cargo deliveries, the GHs do not have full information about the incoming cargo or the expected arrival time since most trucks arrive unannounced. In practice, the cargo from all forwarders arrives around the same time just before the deadline. When multiple trucks arrive at the same time, the GHs do not have enough available docks and personnel, which results in waiting times and the above-mentioned situation. To improve this situation, this research studies the impact improved connectivity has on the yard of Schiphol, by making use of a central parking (CP), which can be used both as a buffer and a (de)coupling point and of Automated Vehicles (AVs). The concepts from the literature used for improved connectivity are geofencing and information-sharing platforms. Geofencing is used for monitoring mobile objects within a virtual boundary around a geographical area. This can be used at Schiphol to provide an accurate ETA of trucks. Furthermore, an information-sharing platform can be used by freight carriers to make a reservation at the ground handler (GH). This is a more advanced way of sharing data, allowing for peak-shaving to occur, but also for data-driven decision making, based on knowing the ETA of trucks in advance.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Industrial Engineering and Management MSc (60029)
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