University of Twente Student Theses


Breaking the Bias on Consensual Non-Monogamy

Neumann, Rika (2022) Breaking the Bias on Consensual Non-Monogamy.

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Abstract:Background: Although several studies have found that consensual non-monogamous (CNM) relationships are not disadvantageous in quality and intimacy, CNM individuals still face severe stigmatization in their everyday life. As the idea of CNM becomes more prevalent today the investigation of the reasons for this stigmatization becomes even more important. A factor that could influence the degree of stigmatization may be gender and especially females and gender non-conforming individuals are assumed to face more severe stigmatization. Aim: It was hypothesised that sexual scripts formed through a positive representation of female sexuality and gender non-conformity reduce the impact of gender on the degree of stigmatization. Hence, the study aimed to measure the relationship between the gender of the person in the CNM relationship and the degree to which they are stigmatized, as well as the effect of positive representation on this effect. Methods: An experimental study with 224 participants was used to assess this relationship. The participants were randomly split into three groups, each being presented with the same description of the persona, only the gender and pronouns changed. Afterward, a 20-item scale was used to test the degree of stigmatization. Lastly, a multiple-choice question was asked, to infer which films and series, displaying a positive representation of female sexuality and gender non-conformity, were watched by the participants. Results: The results indicated that there was no relationship between the gender of the persona and degree of stigmatization. Moreover, no significant effect has been found of positive representation on the before-mentioned relationship. Conclusion: Therefore, several implications for future research have to be introduced. Most importantly, the collection of participants should be widened to gain a more varied sample that can be used to say something about the whole population. For this, a translation in the native language of the participants should be considered. Moreover, the construction of the questionnaire should be revised in regard to the films and series as well as the Likert Scale used. Lastly, the results of this study have to be interpreted with caution as it is questionable whether the sample can be generalized to the whole population.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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