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Housing Priorities and Residential Mobility in Informal Settlements: The Cases of Mtandire and Mgona in Lilongwe, Malawi

Kumbikano, Ms. M. (2022) Housing Priorities and Residential Mobility in Informal Settlements: The Cases of Mtandire and Mgona in Lilongwe, Malawi.

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Abstract:Rapid urbanization and the continuous expansion of informal settlements in Malawi’s capital city of Lilongwe is a recurring challenge among urban practitioners and policymakers. However, formulating effective solutions in response to the challenge of informal settlement growth requires understanding the housing priorities of low-income groups and how these evolve and spatially manifest in the city. Thus, this study aims to understand the intra-urban mobility of low-income residents living in the informal settlements of Lilongwe using Turner’s model of intra-urban mobility. The study findings are derived from household surveys conducted in Mtandire and Mgona informal settlements in Lilongwe and interviews with key informants. The study found that low-income residents in Mtandire and Mgona fall within the Bridgeheader and Consolidator categories of Turner’s model. Bridgeheaders, who are classified into two sub-types, prioritize access to cheap rental accommodation, while Consolidators prioritize security of tenure. However, these current housing priorities for Bridgeheaders and Consolidators are expected to change among households that intend to relocate from two settlements in the near future. An evaluation of the identified housing priorities and reasons for residential mobility against the current slum upgrading policies and practices shows that Government’s strategies for informal settlement improvement mainly align with the priorities of Consolidators and Bridgeheaders, who intend to consolidate over time.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
Link to this item:https://purl.utwente.nl/essays/90941
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