University of Twente Student Theses


Adaptive leader and team behaviour in medical action teams

Eenink, A. (2022) Adaptive leader and team behaviour in medical action teams.

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Abstract:In medical action teams, there often is a high level of stress and pressure. Adapting the behaviours of the team to the situation is crucial to deal with this high level of stress and pressure. This adaption can be seen as a constant process since situations continuously change. To make sure that teams can adapt their behaviour and adapt to the situation, a leader has an important role. Adaptive leadership can therefore be very beneficial for medical action teams. However, up to now, there is not much information about the way adaptive leadership can be beneficial for medical action teams and how this process of adaption works. Therefore, this study will focus on the question: how do a leader and the team adapt their behaviour and communication from the action to the transition phase in medical action teams? This question will be supported by two hypotheses about the differences in communication and the difference in interaction patterns. Subsequently, the effect of the communication and interaction patterns on the performance of the team and the effect on the tenure of the team will be investigated. To answer the research question and test the hypotheses, video material of a medical student team practising Advanced Life Support in a course for their masters Technical Medicine was collected, transcribed and coded. The video-codings were imported into THEME software to analyse and identify the interaction patterns. Next to that, the data is analysed via SPSS with the use of the Mann-Whitney test and the Chi-square test.. The results of this study showed no significant difference in the interaction patterns when comparing the action with the transition phase. This implies that the leader does not adapt his or her leadership. For communication, also no significant difference is found between those two phases. However, the post hoc analysis shows a difference in communication and interaction patterns when the team was performing on higher levels. When the team showed higher levels of performance, the difference between the action and the transition phase was higher. This implies the leader adapts his or her behaviour more strongly when the team is performing on a higher level. The findings of this study can be used for further research on adaptive leadership in medical action teams.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
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