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Assessment of land information system for land administration : a case study of Ghana

Owusu Ansah, R. (2022) Assessment of land information system for land administration : a case study of Ghana.

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Abstract:Implementing a digital land information system for the land administration process is optimal for ensuring access to adequate and transparent land service delivery. Accordingly, scholars and experience from developed countries have demonstrated that LIS facilitate timely access to the updated record on land ownership, land values and land-use restrictions. However, developing and implementing such a system in developing countries remains challenging. In Ghana, attempts have been made to implement digital LIS to facilitate land administration services; however, it has not been widely adopted for Land administration activities. Currently, there is less discussion on the effectiveness of the LIS in enhancing its adoption. In line with this, the study identifies Ghana’s LIS’s effectiveness in supporting the land administration process in two case study areas, Accra and Kumasi. The study developed an assessment framework with eight dimensions and twenty-three indicators through reviewing the literature on existing frameworks for LIS assessment. The eight dimensions were (1) institutional framework, (2) policy and legal frameworks, (3) data quality, (4) technology, (5) working environment, (6) capacity and training, (7) ICT strategy, and (8) communication strategy. These dimensions are categorised under three themes: governance and people, the operational environment, and sustainability measures. Using the identified indicators as a guide for interview and questionnaire development, the primary data for this study was obtained from the staff and clients from the two case study areas. The data gathered was analysed through the thematic analysis approach. All the twenty-three indicators were measurable in Accra due to LIS availability. The result indicates that Accra is in high alignment with clear institutional roles and mandates, adequate laws and policies and a strategy to protect data, software, and operating system. Still, it needs to improve in the other indicators to provide effective land administration services. In Kumasi, however, only nine of the twenty-three indicators were measurable because fieldwork revealed that digital LIS had never been implemented; however, attempts were made to replicate the digital LIS in Accra. According to the findings, Kumasi is in a high level of alignment with the availability of adequate laws and policies to support analogue to digital conversion. Additionally, there is a positive attitude towards adopting a digital system. The study concludes that Accra has made a significant effort toward developing and implementing LIS; however, it is still in the initial stages of the development curve and requires more room for improvement. Furthermore, for Accra’s LIS to function effectively in Kumasi, additional development would be necessary to accommodate Kumasi’s needs and requirements. As a result, the study suggests the following recommendations to aid in the improvement of the digital system: (1) provision of financial support, (2) redefining the scope, requirements, boundaries and deliverables, (3) establishing a national IT organisation, (4) access to professional development programs and orientation, (5)adequate communication protocols, (6) system reorganisation with customer orientation, (7) improvement in implementation protocols and (8) develop a mandatory privacy policy
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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