University of Twente Student Theses


Examining the Effect of Procedural Information on Vulnerable Individuals’ Cooperation and Anxiety Levels within Investigative Interviews

Brieger, L.L. (2022) Examining the Effect of Procedural Information on Vulnerable Individuals’ Cooperation and Anxiety Levels within Investigative Interviews.

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Abstract:Investigative interviewing plays a crucial role in gathering evidence and solving crimes. However, they are usually aimed at neurotypical individuals. Research suggests that not every individual has the same needs when it comes to police interviews. Especially neurodiverse individuals face various problems when it comes to conventional policing techniques such as difficulties occurring when being interviewed with an open-ended questioning style. Neurodiversity includes a wide spectrum such as individuals with ADHD or autism. Since there are differences in what might work best for neurotypical and neurodiverse individuals, this research explored how providing procedural information prior to the interview affected the participants´ cooperation and anxiety levels during the investigative interview. A structured online interview and an online survey were conducted. Participants were divided into two groups, one receiving procedural information and the other not. Results show that there was no effect of procedural information on cooperation and anxiety levels. An explorative analysis examined a small neurodiverse sample in comparison to neurotypical participants: although the findings were not significant, I could observe that cooperation levels increase in the procedural information group and anxiety levels decrease in comparison to the non-procedural group. Contrastingly, neurotypical participants tend to have higher anxiety levels and are less willing to cooperate when being provided with procedural information compared to receiving no procedural information. This might indicate that there are indeed individual differences when it comes to investigative interviewing as not every technique works for every individual. Concludingly, this research serves as the first starting point in improving investigative interviewing techniques for vulnerable individuals by giving insights that providing procedural information might be a useful technique for these citizens.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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