University of Twente Student Theses


Domain knowledge and self-reflective skills as keys to ethical design reflection

Wilhelm, S. (2022) Domain knowledge and self-reflective skills as keys to ethical design reflection.

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Abstract:Prior research was able to establish frameworks that give guidance on how ethical reflection can be incorporated into the design of modern technologies. Still, little is known about the characteristics of humans that are of importance for ethical design reflection. As previous studies have been able to demonstrate the importance of reflective skills and domain knowledge in ethical reflection, it was hypothesised that people with higher self-reflective skills and domain knowledge are better able than people with lower self-reflective skills and domain knowledge to identify unique and elaborate ethical issues and pose well-structured reflective questions with domain-specific content. The Metaverse hereby served as a case example which was reflected upon. A correlational survey design was employed in which the participants were asked to identify one potential ethical issue in the Metaverse and subsequently asked to formulate respective reflective questions that could be prompted during the design of the Metaverse. The responses were qualitatively assessed and analysed by performing linear regression analyses. All hypotheses had to be rejected except the hypothesis that predicted a significant effect of self-reflective skills on the number of reflective questions. The results of the study mainly implicate that there is a further need to investigate the variables at hand. Still, this study was the first to propose steps for the qualitative assessment of the quantity and quality of ethical design reflection and explored the role of human characteristics in ethical design reflection.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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