University of Twente Student Theses


Friction and resistance as modalities for physicalizing data

Dullaert, S.A. (2022) Friction and resistance as modalities for physicalizing data.

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Abstract:The field of data Physicalization is a novel field which aims to study the physical representation of data. Existing research in the field indicates several benefits of data Physicalizations compared to conventional data visualization, including increased cognition and perception of the data. Data Physicalization also shows potential in making data more accessible to users that struggle with visualization, as its physical nature is perceptible by a broad group of users. Research into the physical modalities, modes in which data is experienced or expressed, was found to be lacking. This thesis aims at studying two modalities, resistance, and friction, which could potentially be effective in communicating data to users. To study these modalities, a Physicalization was designed by following the Creative Technology design process, a framework for designing novel solutions using existing technologies. The process includes the phases ideation, specification, realization, and evaluation. The effectiveness of both modalities was evaluated with users in terms of accuracy and effectiveness, while the entire Physicalization was validated in terms of user experience, fatigue, and task load. Neither modality was found to be significantly more accurate or efficient. Most users preferred reading data through resistance, although the concepts for both modalities will need to be re-evaluated for a more accurate result. Overall, the Physicalization as a whole was very well received.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:EEMCS: Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science
Subject:01 general works, 53 electrotechnology, 54 computer science
Programme:Creative Technology BSc (50447)
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