University of Twente Student Theses


Expropriation challenges in large infrastructure project in rural area of Ethiopia : the case of Hamusit-Estie road project

Teshafun, A.G. (2022) Expropriation challenges in large infrastructure project in rural area of Ethiopia : the case of Hamusit-Estie road project.

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Abstract:Ethiopia is one of the developing countries exhibiting rapid economic and social transformation in the past years. Currently, the government is implementing different road projects to improve people's living conditions and provide fast transport services and network connections. This policy aims at eradicating poverty and making Ethiopia a middle-income country by 2025. Therefore, the government requires land to construct Hamusit-Estie road projects to achieve this policy through land expropriation from landholders. This research aimed at examining expropriation challenges in large infrastructure projects in rural area of Ethiopia: the case of Hamusit-Estie road project. The researcher used mixed research methods (qualitative and quantitative data) to achieve this aim. The study sought to identify the expropriation procedures and assess the participation of affected landholders in the expropriation process, challenges faced during the expropriation process, and the socioeconomic effect of land expropriation. To perceive the practices of land expropriation in the Hamusit-Estie road project, primary data collection from key informant interviews (experts and officials), questionnaire interviews (affected landholders), and focus group discussions (representatives of affected landholders) were applied. Following this, secondary data collections like scientific literature, proclamations (regulations and directives), cadastral maps, road plans, and reports related to land expropriation and compensation process were held. Spatial analysis methods and Arc GIS software were used to determine the total land area taken for the road project. The findings revealed that in the Hamusit-Estie road project, expropriation procedures follow somehow similar steps to the international guideline. The land expropriation legal framework of Ethiopia does not show straightforward expropriation procedures. On the other hand, results show that the main challenges faced during the expropriation and compensation practices are an improper measurement of land, landuse type on the green book differs from the collected data on the ground, unskilled property appraisers, and inadequate compensation payment. Apart from this, land expropriation affects incomes and the involvement of landholders in community-based organizations. However, the availability of social services and utilities has minimal impact on the affected landholders. Based on the general findings in the Hamusit-Estie road project, the inadequacy of compensation payment is the main challenges of expropriation. This shows that the woreda administration office give more attention to the road project rather than the affected landholders. Keywords: Ethiopia, Land Expropriation, Compensation, Affected Landholders, Expropriation Procedure, Road Project i
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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