University of Twente Student Theses


Land Administration as a tool in Good Governed Urbanization

Yudianti, Rahmi (2010) Land Administration as a tool in Good Governed Urbanization.

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Abstract:Urbanization is the process of city growth and development. Due to urbanization, the percentage of people living or working in urban places increases compared to the percentage living in rural places. Urban areas offer immense opportunities everywhere. They are important engines of economic growth, they provide significant economies of scale in the provision of jobs, housing and services and they are important centres of productivity and social development. Cities in most countries are also nodes for political activity. Good governance is an enabling tool, which ensures that cities carry out their functions with maximum effectiveness (Taylor 2000). Good governance encompasses a broad agenda that includes effective government policies and administration, respect for the rule of law, protection of human rights and an effective civil society. In the broad definition of good governance sustainable development, especially in relation the utilization of natural resources and environmental management, is also part of it. Currently the issue of good governance is widely regarded as one of the key ingredients for poverty reduction and sustainable development. It can be achieved in an enabling economic environment responsive to the basic needs of the people. It requires sound economic management and the sustainable use of resources as well as the promotion of economic and social rights. One of the commonly employed methods for the protection of these rights is through an effective Land Administration system. Land administration can be one of the tools to be implemented using good governance practices in urbanizing areas. The reason of applying land administration in urbanization is to ensure that all interest on land (space) of public, private and civil society can be balanced and harmonized. Conflicts of interest will be ruled out and controlled. Therefore all parties will get fairer treatment. Ensuring that master, land use, detailed and any other spatial base planning is well and consistently implemented. Making sure that land tenure (rights) are protected, land is fairly valuated in a transparent and accountable manner to ensure that land for investment and development can be appropriated or acquired. Urbanization consequences, both positive and negative, are also faced in Indonesia. Urbanization has promoted better life condition for Indonesian citizens have been benefiting by urbanization. Indonesia’s economic growth cannot be separated from the urbanization process. However, negative impacts have been massively deteriorating the urbanization achievement. Regarding the relation of land administration and good governance during urbanization process it is found from the case study that at sustainability, transparency and accountability, and security principles land administration play a centre role. Effective Land administration functions; land tenure, land use and land valuation as has been experienced in developed countries like the Netherlands ensuring that the negative impacts of urbanization can be prevented. In the Netherlands the planning aspect will reduce and even prevent negative impact as the availability and access to land for all citizens equally appropriate for current and future generation. The availability and accessibility of any land related information for all citizen provided by a transparent land information system increase level of integrity and support from citizen for city development. All citizens confidently support the development and market economy with high integrity of trusted clean government triggered by transparent in land management and land administration services. Rights of citizen are equally respected and protected, any violence and unjust ii to vulnerable groups can be prevented as security of land tenure is equally applied to all citizen. In Indonesia both government and citizens face dilemmas during the urbanization process. Weak governance ironically brings land scarcity to current and uncertainty for future demand on land. Lack of trust triggered by less credibility of government in managing and administering land generate varies pattern of land conflicts. Force eviction has been the nightmare for vulnerable groups and also high risk assignment for government; these are the negative impact of weak governance during urbanization process. Enhancing land administration in Indonesia is under the evolving process. The effectiveness of any policy, management and administration of land are the means to ensure good governance in land administration. All rights on land of all citizens are equally protected trough a credible system. The ways to comply with those situations, land has to be secure and allocated accountably for all citizen current and future demand. Therefore land use planning should be considered to be a high integrity tool, transparent and providing equal certainty and security for all citizens. Increasing level of transparency and accountability is ultimately a priority by ensuring all land are registered soon and all appropriate land data are available, accessible publicly. A modern land law with secure types of land rights for all and positive system of land registration is needed to enhance the legal and administration system of land. Lastly, an international standard of land valuation is needed to support the newly initiated land acquisition law.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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