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Evaluation of relocation program and its effect on settlers’ livelihood: A case study in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Akalewold, Eskender (2010) Evaluation of relocation program and its effect on settlers’ livelihood: A case study in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

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Abstract:In many developing countries, the formations of informal settlements are caused by high population growth, high land market price and land institutions aren’t responsive enough to the public needs. Due to these, many of the urban poor are living in areas which are not suitable. On the other hand there is a growing need for urban lands for developmental works that are required for public use. Relocation program can be used as a means for addressing these challenges by relocating people to residential places and at the same time putting the lands for better economic use. However, in many cases the relocation programs have not been carried out with adequate care and preparation, in order to restore settlers’ livelihoods. This research work evaluates the success of the relocation program which was carried out in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. Around 400 households were relocated for the construction of a football stadium in late 2007. To carry out the evaluation work various methods were applied. A systematic sampling method was used to select sample plots and households. Data was collected using questionnaire and interviews. Besides, literature was reviewed. And indicators were selected to evaluate the success level of the relocation program and settlers’ livelihood change. Finally, this research work revealed that the success level of the relocation program score was 67% i.e. success. The main reasons for such success were adequate site and services preparation and application of relocation program strategies. Besides the participation of the settlers in the implementation process, they were used as information source for implementation of the program and help to screen out house speculators. In addition to that the settlers’ livelihoods were better before compared to after the relocation program. The settlers’ livelihood score was 0.69 before and 0.60 after the relocation program. Among the good part of the program, land certificate brought house improvement, i.e. the average rooms per household increased from 2.28 to 2.74 and reduced over crowdedness. On the contrary, out of sample plots which were given to the settlers, 20% of them had not started their house construction. Thus, this study concluded that a relocation program can address both the development needs and even improve the settlers’ livelihoods, if emphasis is also given on adequate payment of compensation, facilitation of credits and livelihood restoration programs. Keywords: Tenure Security, informal settlement, relocation program, livelihood
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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