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Evolution of the Function of Spatial Data Infrastructures Through Land Administration Projects in Vietnam

Young, Norval A. (2010) Evolution of the Function of Spatial Data Infrastructures Through Land Administration Projects in Vietnam.

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Abstract:Spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) have naturally and predominantly evolved through directives, initiatives and spatial data coordination activities while others have evolved, to a lesser extent, through development projects such as land administration projects over time. Over the past twenty years, the SDI development in Vietnam has been as a result of land administration projects which have been implemented with the assistance of external donor agencies. The objective of this study was to determine the degree to which spatial data infrastructures have evolved through land administration projects and to understand to what extent development projects have affected the natural course of SDI. The influence of external donors within land administration projects was also considered. To determine the evolution of the SDI in Vietnam, its components have been used as the basis for data collection. Interviews were conducted and online questionnaires distributed to individuals from land administration organizations, universities and other land related organizations at the central, provincial and district levels in Vietnam. Using the components of SDIs, concepts and indicators which relate to them were used to determine the evolution of the SDI, and also the influence of external donors within land administration projects. Based on the responses, it was observed that eventhough there are formal mandates that describe how organizations should interact, their relations continue to be based on personal contact and not the respective mandates. Furthermore, the gap between land administration projects and policy inclusion influences the way in which the SDI is regulated as there is no prescribed format through which the SDI should evolve. As a result of the gap, adoption of SDI technology is predominantly at the central and province levels of public administration thus ignoring the lowers levels as well as across-level collaboration. Additionally, at these levels, the technology is merely used for land registration and land use planning (routine land administration tasks). The twenty year evolution of the SDI in Vietnam has occurred in parallel to the land administration projects. Thus, when the project comes to an end, SDI evolution is interrupted until another project is implemented to enable its continued development. Hence, Vietnam’s SDI development has remained a part of the first generation of SDIs and to this end the evolution of SDIs through land administration projects has not been effective.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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