University of Twente Student Theses


Investigating the Relationships between Land and Public Goods and Services

Ndubu, Moses Mbah (2010) Investigating the Relationships between Land and Public Goods and Services.

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Abstract:Land is the most invaluable resource for all nations and supports livelihood. As population increases, land becomes an increasingly scarce resource to the public and private sector Land has peculiar characteristics which makes it different from all other forms of goods. It is limited in supply and cannot be created nor destroyed. Land can reclaim from shallow seas. But these increases are insignificant. The concept of public goods and service is one of the concepts in economic that since its inception in the 1950s is still highly debatable. Many goods and services do not into the strict economic definition. The objective of this study was ―Investigating the relationships between Land and Public goods and Services‖. It was to better understand the role of land administration in the provision of public goods that are related to Land Bases Public Goods and Services. The two concepts- land and PGS are very sensitive concepts in most countries. The methodology for conducting this research was complete based on the review of literatures. This method was suitable for the research as it uses content analysis to explore the societal perception of what is considered PGS and the role LAS play in their provision. This gives a wider understanding on the concept of PGS their optimal provision. All relevant information were obtain from literatures The study reveals that public goods are good that can be optimally provided by the state for the benefit of the society. No good by default fits as a PGS. A good is considered a public PGS via societal and policy decision. The state optimally and efficiently provides PGS. PGS have two main characteristics - non rivalry and non excludability. The markets do not optimally provide PGS because once the good is produced, it available for all and it is almost impossible to exclude other consumers. The research reveals that public goods and service can be modelled conceptually using the spatial primitive of point, line and polygon. The LAS prove to be an inevitable information infrastructure that supports the state the provision of Land Based Public Good Services while securing the rights of the private land owners. It provides the government with information about land value which ensure fairness in property taxation and compensation during public interventions. The entire research is made up of six chapters. Chapter one gives a vivid overview of the research. It states the research objectives and the questions. The second chapter discuss the theory of public goods and services. It later limits the theory to public goods related to land. Chpter three describes the research method. In Chapter Four, public goods and services were conceptually modelled using spatial primitives. Chapter looks at the role of land administration in the provision of public goods and services. Finally chapter six discuss and provide answers to research questions. It ends with tabular representation showing the degree of state rights restrictions and responsibility on land and the various types of public goods. Key words: Public Goods and services (PGs), Land, Public Purpose (PP), Modelling, Land Administration (LA), Land Administration System (LAS), Rights, Restriction and Responsibility (RRR), Cadastre
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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