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An Assessment of urban land lease policy implementation in Ethiopia: Case study of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Teferi, Haimanot Woldgbrial (2010) An Assessment of urban land lease policy implementation in Ethiopia: Case study of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

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Abstract:The Government of Ethiopia introduced the land lease policy in 1993 under proclamation No. 80/1993 with a number of objectives. In order to realise those objectives the Amhara National Regional State translated them into regional policy goals and instituted different regulations and directives. The main goals of the policy in the region were to provide adequate serviced land so as to improve the economic efficiency of urban lands and to improve the quality of life for residents. This study assesses the policy implementation practices in land lease allocation processes in relation to rules, regulations and guidelines to attain the anticipated policy goals. This was accomplished amongst others through a case study research method where Bahir Dar city in Amhara was selected. Primary data was collected through structured, semi-structured, open-ended interviews and focus group discussion. Unstructured or open-ended interviews were employed for key informants, structured interviews were used for individual customers and semi-structured interviews for “City Actor’s” staffs. Secondary data were collected from administrative documents. The theoretical base of the study was established through literature review. The data collected were analysed using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The results revealed that the existing implementation practices of urban land lease in the city didn’t respond adequately to the demand due to inefficiency in serviced land allocation, excessive speculations and non-transparency in land allocation. This led to a slow down in investments and insufficient public infrastructure provision. Despite the land lease allocation practices being out of the intention of the land lease goals, some successes were noticed which included investment activities as a result of proper implementation of the lease policy. The central and state government issued administrative orders and instituted different proclamations, guidelines, regulations, manuals, standards and directives which were intended to improve the situation and had a spirit of competitive land market. However, many of the partial guideline and directives revisions lacked appropriate investigation and were open to different assessment. Therefore those minor gaps played a main role during implementation; thus, the implementing organisations were yet to realise the expected results, because the hypothesis test results show that revenue collection was successful but physical works was insufficient. Also lack of coordination among implementing organizations was found to be a persistent problem. In general it can not be said that the existing practice was efficient, effective and in corruption resistant way. Thus, the practices of land lease implementation had negatively impacted on the anticipated policy goals. The implementation of the lease policy can lead to the desired results only if decisions by the government are made based on regulations emanating from inclusively well-investigated issues and enforceable laws as well as auditable organisational processes rather than incidental event. Key words: - Leasehold policy, Urban Land Leasing, Land Provision and Administration, Land Development, Actors, Organisational process and Land Allocation, Bahir Dar City.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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