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Exploring the Feasibility of Implementing Payments for Environmental Services in Tanzania: A case study of Gwata Village

Banfro, Samuel Tettey (2010) Exploring the Feasibility of Implementing Payments for Environmental Services in Tanzania: A case study of Gwata Village.

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Abstract:Over the past few decades, there has been Several global summits, conferences and agreements including the Kyoto protocol, the Earth charter Initiative, Agenda 21 and the recent Copenhagen Conference that aim to regulate the relations between people and their environment in order to achieve sustainable use of the earth‟s limited resources and to reduced carbon emissions into the atmosphere in the coming decades. These initiatives demonstrate important recognition of the nature of environmental problems; that they are complex with a lot of uncertainties and cannot be effectively dealt with on piecemeal and ad hoc bases. As such there is the need for a unified effort and a strong political will to be able to make any appreciable strides on solving them. This study in contributing in part towards this global efforts, conducted the feasibility of using Payment for Environmental Services (PES) to support local forest managing communities in Tanzania, the case of Gwata village. This research identified that NDVI change maps for selected periods between 1991 and 2008 showed a progressive decreased of vegetation cover from 1991 to 2008. While the Kimunyu forest suffered much deforestation between 1991 and 2000, the years between 2000 and 2008 show a significant improvement in the forest cover. This could be attributed to the establishment of the Kimunyu forest reserve in 2000. Kintulangalo forest on the other hand remain stable 1991 and 2000, but between 2000 and 2008, there was a significant reduction in forest cover. This was explained during the focus group discussion that there was a wild fire outbreak in 2007. Studies on the willingness and institutional readiness to accept PES was also done. It was realised from related works by Wiley (1999) that the village communities in Tanzania are far advanced in the management of their forests. The interviews indicated that households in the study area were willing to accept PES on condition that lucrative packages better than their current economic activities was necessary to ensure the successful acceptance of PES. Alternatives livelihoods include poultry and pig farming. Keywords: payment for environmental services, climate change, carbon sequestration
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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