University of Twente Student Theses


investigating the intra-urban inequalities and environmental injustice on urban deprivation in Dar Es Salaam city - Tanzania

Msilu, Deo Damian (2009) investigating the intra-urban inequalities and environmental injustice on urban deprivation in Dar Es Salaam city - Tanzania.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Spatial indicators of inequality, rather than simply poverty, and environmental injustices are two essential tools for today’s urban policy makers and planners (UNHSP, 2004 pp. 86). Most research on urban deprivation in Sub-Saharan Africa has been based on monetary indicators (income and consumption). Little attention has been given to non- monetary dimensions such as access to water, sanitation, health, housing quality, education and quality of living environment (Mitlin et al., 1996; Martínez, 2005; Shimeles, 2006). Moreover environmental injustices have been neglected in urban deprivation analysis, although there is clear evidence as documented by (Bullard, 1996; Harvey, 1996; US-EPA, 1998; Robin and Diana, 2002; Damery et al., 2007) that deprived communities also suffer disproportionate exposure to environmental hazardous area. This study investigates intra-urban inequalities and environmental injustices in Dar-es-salaam city- Tanzania, using multiple sources of information such as access to physical infrastructure, access to social infrastructure, quality of living environment and human resources to develop an index of multiple deprivations. The index developed used data at ward level and applying Spatial Multi- Criteria Evaluation. The index combined with environmental injustices through GIS, in order to analyze whether multiple deprivations are spatially clustered and whether highly deprived areas also face disproportionate exposure to environmental hazards. The combination leads to hotspots that can be identified for area based policy intervention. Results indicate that there is spatial clustering of deprivations within the city. Highly deprived wards are clustered away and near to city centre. Deprived wards suffer a disproportionate exposure to environmental hazards burden than other social groups. Environmental hazardous areas, leads into unstable community which results into weak local economies, poor public services, health problems and high concentration of vulnerable groups (hotspot areas). Area-based policy targeting is an effective way to support highly deprived communities to get out from deprivation. Keywords: Intra-urban inequality; Environmental injustices; urban deprivation; spatial multi-criteria evaluation; index of multiple deprivations; Area based policy intervention
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page